Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)

by | Aug 2, 2022

Fiddle Leaf Fig

The Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) is a well-known houseplant that is known for its large, glossy leaves. Native to western Africa, the fiddle leaf fig is a member of the Moraceae family, which also includes plants such as the rubber tree and the mulberry.

The fiddle leaf fig gets its name from its distinctly shaped leaves, which are large and Fan-shaped with prominent veins. The leaves of the fiddle leaf fig are among its most striking features, but the plant also produces small, yellowish-green flowers that bloom sporadically throughout the year.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Care Tips & Growing Guide

Fiddle Leaf Fig

These plants come from tropical parts of Africa, where it is hot and wet all the time. This makes them hard to grow at home since you probably won’t be able to make the same hot, steamy conditions. But they are pretty tough plants that can live for a long time in an environment that isn’t perfect.

Fiddle-leaf figs don’t have many needs as long as they have the right conditions to grow in. When grown as a houseplant, your fiddle-leaf fig will need to be turned every few days so that a different part faces the sun. So, it will grow straight up and not lean toward the light.

Also, dust the leaves every week or two with a damp cloth. This not only makes the leaves look better and shinier, but it also lets more sunlight hit the leaves, which is needed for photosynthesis. Also, you can cut off any damaged or dead leaves as they appear, since they don’t help the plant anymore. And if you want a bushier plant, you can cut off the top of the main stem.

Water

While most plants prefer plain water, the fiddle leaf fig is a bit of a diva when it comes to hydration. This finicky plant needs to be regularly watered with filtered or distilled water, as tap water can contain too many minerals and chemicals that can damage delicate leaves.

In addition, the soil should be allowed to dry out completely between watering, as too much moisture can lead to root rot. By following these simple guidelines, you can maintain your fiddle leaf fig happy and healthy for years to come.

Light

One of the most important factors in keeping a Fiddle Leaf Fig healthy is providing it with enough light. The plant prefers bright, indirect sunlight, and it is best to avoid direct sun, which can scorch the leaves.

If you are having trouble finding a spot in your home that gets enough light, you may want to consider investing in a grow light. Grow lights provide plants with the full spectrum of sunlight, making them an ideal solution for low-light conditions. 

Humidity

Fiddle leaf figs need high humidity to thrive. In their natural habitat, they live in an environment with 100% humidity. This means that the air is constantly saturated with water vapor. When grown as houseplants, fiddle leaf figs need to be kept in an environment that has at least 50% humidity.

If the air is too dry, the leaves will begin to brown and drop off. There are a few ways to increase the humidity around your fiddle leaf fig. One option is to mist the leaves regularly with a water bottle. Another option is to set the pot on a tray of pebbles and water. The water will evaporate and help to increase the humidity around the plant.

Feeding

The best way to feed a fiddle leaf fig is with a slow-release fertilizer. These fertilizers are designed to release nutrients over a long period of time, which is perfect for fiddle leaf figs.

Slowly releasing fertilizers will help to keep your fiddle leaf fig healthy and prevent it from becoming stunted or yellowing. In addition, it’s important to feed your fiddle leaf fig during the growing season. This means giving it extra fertilizer from spring through summer.

Temperature

The ideal temperature range for the fiddle leaf fig is 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, and 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit at night. If the temperature drops below 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the leaves of the plant may start to drop off. Conversely, if the temperature rises above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, the leaves may begin to turn brown and drop off.

Repotting

The best time to repot a fiddle leaf fig is in the spring before the plant starts to actively grow. To repot your fiddle leaf fig, start by selecting a pot that is two or three inches wider than the current pot. Then, remove the plant from its pot and loosen the root ball.

Next, add fresh potting mix to the new pot and gently place the plant in the pot. Once the plant is in place, water it thoroughly and allow it to drain. Finally, give it light fertilization and place it in a bright spot. With a little care, your fiddle leaf fig will thrive for years to come.

Propagating A Fiddle Leaf Fig

Fiddle-leaf figs are easy to grow from stem cuttings, but they are very hard to grow from seeds. Almost nothing can go wrong when you work with a cutting.

  1. Use a pair of sharp shears to cut a stem with a few leaves that are 12 to 18 inches long. Pinch off all but one of the leaves.
  2. Put the cutting’s vase in a jar or vase of clean, room-temperature water and put it in a warm environment with bright, but not direct, light.
  3. Only change the water if it looks cloudy.
  4. In a few weeks, there will be small white bumps on the base of the stem that is in the water. After that, roots will sprout in the water from those spots in a few weeks.
  5. When the roots are 1 to 2 inches long, plant the cutting in a 1-gallon pot filled with potting soil and water until damp. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy or overwatered.

Toxicity

The sap of the plant contains a substance called Ficin, which can cause skin irritation, vomiting, and diarrhea if ingested. In severe cases, Ficin can also lead to difficulty breathing and an increased heart rate.

If you suspect that your pet or child has come into contact with a Fiddle Leaf Fig, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. While the plant is not deadly, it can cause serious health problems if not treated promptly.

Common Pests And Diseases

The pests and diseases that affect these plants aren’t too bad, but they can get spider mites, scale, and bacterial or fungal diseases. With these problems, you might see spots or dark patches on the leaves, as well as small bugs.

Use the right fungicide, pesticide, or other treatment as soon as possible to fix the problem. Also, make sure your plant gets enough air and isn’t sitting in too much water. This can help prevent problems in the future.

Fiddle Leaf Fig

Common Problems

One of the most common issues is incorrect watering. Fiddle leaf figs need to be kept evenly moist, but not soggy. Over-watering can lead to root rot, while under-watering can cause the leaves to brown and drop off.

Another problem that can occur is inadequate lighting. Fiddle leaf figs need bright, indirect light in order to thrive. If they don’t get enough light, their growth will be stunted and their leaves will become pale. Finally, fiddle leaf figs are susceptible to pests such as aphids and mealybugs. These pests can suck the sap out of the leaves, causing them to yellow and drop off. 

FAQ

Are Fiddle-leaf Figs An Easy Plant To Care For?

Fiddle-leaf figs can be picky, but they do well with the right care and conditions. They need heat, humidity, a lot of brightness, some direct light, and a lot of water. Even though they love water, don’t give them too much.

How Quickly Does The Fiddle-leaf Fig Grow?

This houseplant can grow 2 feet per year and reach a height of between 6 and 10 feet.

Does Fiddle-leaf Fig Produce Fruit?

A fiddle-leaf fig plant that is kept inside will not bear fruit.

Final Thoughts

Fiddle leaf figs are beautiful plants that can be a great addition to any home. They do require some special care, but if you’re willing to put in the effort, they’re definitely worth it. Thanks for following along on our journey of learning about fiddle leaf figs! We hope you’ve found this information helpful and that you’ll consider adding one of these beauties to your own home.

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Shelbi Clifford

Shelbi Clifford

Hi, I'm Shelbi! I am the founder of Houseplant Advisor - a blog for all things houseplants. Whether you are looking to add some green to your home or want to learn about how plants can help improve air quality in your space, Houseplant Advisor is here with the answers. Do you have any questions? Feel free to reach out and ask me anything!

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